There are various occasions when people have confused gorilla trekking and gorilla trekking though the two have a slight difference. Gorilla trekking involves tourists being led by a ranger guide in search of mountain gorillas in the wild, this involves hiking so it requires physical fitness as gorillas live on higher elevations of the Virunga volcanoes straddling in Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic republic of Congo and Bwindi impenetrable forest national park in south western Uganda.
Gorilla tracking in most cases has been referred as gorilla trekking but this involves rangers, researchers trying to find a given habituated gorilla family to be trekked. The rangers go ahead before the trekkers and use different methods and signs for finding a gorilla family from where they were the day before.
Once the trackers find the gorilla family, they communicate to the park headquarters about the location of the gorilla family then the trekkers can start trekking. They usually locate gorillas with their location of the previous night and feeding area. Gorilla trekking always starts early morning and by 7:30 am, clients are briefed at the starting point about the rules and regulations of gorilla trekking before they embark on the activity while gorilla tracking starts earlier on before trekking.
Gorilla tracking makes gorilla trekking more easy because mountain gorillas can easily be found and there are higher chances of seeing a gorilla family than when they are not first tracked before trekking.
Gorilla trekking can be done in Volcanoes national park found in Rwanda, Bwindi impenetrable national park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda and Virunga national park in Congo. The cost of gorilla trekking differs per country; Uganda gorilla trekking permits cost $600, Rwanda charges $1500 and Congo offers the lowest trekking permits at $400.
Gorillas are the largest living primates living in the world; they are divided into two species of Eastern gorillas and Western gorillas. The two species are further sub divided in to eastern low land gorillas, western lowland gorillas, mountain gorillas and cross river gorillas.