Ruhija is one of the sectors in Bwindi impenetrable national park well known for harboring the endangered mountain gorillas, the sector is situated in the eastern part of the forest and one of the most preferred because of a wide range of accommodation to choose from.
Bwindi impenetrable forest protects half of the remaining mountain gorillas in the world, gorillas are humans close relatives sharing 98% DNA. The Bwindi impenetrable forest is not only home to mountain gorillas but also 350 species of birds, 120 species of mammals, 27 species of frogs, 220 species of butterflies,104 species of ferns, 1000 species of plants and 163 species of trees.
The park has got three sectors where gorilla trekking which is the main activity can be done from and that it Ruhija sector, Buhoma sector, Rushaga sector, and Nkuringo sector. All these have different gorilla groups that can be trekked daily. Ruhija is the coldest sector of Bwindi national park, tourists visiting this sector for gorilla trekking should carry good hiking boots, raincoats, warm clothing, insect repellents, energy snacks and many other things you might need. Some of the gorilla families that are available for gorilla trekking in Ruhija can be seen below.
Bitukura gorilla family
The Bitukura gorilla family was habituated in 2007 and opened up for tourists to visit in 2008, the family derives its name from river Bitukura where they were first sighted and the group took a very short period of 15 months during habituation, unlike other gorilla families that take about two years in habituation before they are available for gorilla trekking. Bitukura gorilla family is dominated by Ndahura the silverback and he is surprisingly the youngest silverback in the family which is unusual because it’s always the oldest silverback to dominate a group. This family had 24 members at the time of habituation but currently has only 13 members with 4 silverbacks, 2 juveniles, 4 females and 3 infants.
Kyaguriro A gorilla family
Kyaguriro gorilla family is the oldest habituated gorilla family in Ruhija sector of Bwindi first habituated in 1995, the family was dominated by Zeus who was banished to exile by Rukina a silverback who was struck by lightning in 2015 and he was succeeded by a young silverback Mukiza who led the group until 2016 when it split into two groups forming Kyaguriro A and Kyaguriro B. Kyaguriro A is now currently led by Rukara.
Kyaguriro B gorilla family
Kyaguriro B gorilla family was at first dominated by Mukiza after splitting of the Kyaguriro family, there was a fight from a foreign silverback Rukara from the Bitukura family. The family is being used for research and study purposes in Bwindi national park.
Oruzogo gorilla family
The Oruzogo gorilla family was opened up for trekking in 2011. It comprises of 23 members dominated by Tibirkwata the silverback and its one of the most entertaining groups in Ruhijja family well known for being very playful and active. Oruzogo gorilla family derives its name from a local word for a plant called “Oruzogoto” which is found within the groups’ home range. In 2012 Kaboke one of the females in the group gave birth to a set of twins.